Students in the Elementary school (grades 1-5) participate in the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme (PYP). The PYP is an international curriculum framework designed for all children between the ages of 3 and 11 years. The program focuses on the total growth of the developing child, affecting hearts as well as minds and addressing social, physical, emotional, and cultural needs in addition to academic welfare. The PYP combines the best research and practice from a range of national systems with a wealth of knowledge and experience from international schools to create a relevant and engaging educational program. The PYP offers a comprehensive, inquiry-based approach to teaching and learning. It provides an internationally designed model for concurrency in learning and incorporates guidelines on student learning styles, teaching methodologies, and assessment strategies.

The International School Mainfranken is an accredited an IB World School, authorized to deliver the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme.

About the PYP programme

Here are the class websites:

ISM PYP Program of Inquiry

Grade
Level
Who We AreWho We Are in Place and TimeHow We Express
Ourselves
How the World WorksHow We Organize
Ourselves
Sharing the Planet
ThemeAn inquiry into the
nature of the self;
beliefs, and values;
personal, physical,
mental, social and
spiritual; human
relationships including
families, friends, communities and
cultures; rights and
responsibilities; what it means to be human
An inquiry into
orientation in place
and time; personal
histories; homes and journey; the
discoveries,
explorations and
migrations of
humankind; the
relationships
between and the
interconnectedness of individuals and
civilizations, from
local and global
perspectives.
An inquiry into the
ways in which we
discover and express ideas, feelings, nature,
culture, beliefs and
values; the ways in
which we reflect on,
extend and enjoy our creativity; our
appreciation of the
aesthetic.
An inquiry into the
natural world and its
laws; the interaction
between the natural
world (physical and
biological) and human societies; how humans use their understanding of
scientific principles;
the impact of scientific and technological
advances on society
and on environment.
An inquiry into the
interconnectedness
of human-made
systems and communities; the
structure and
function of
organizations;
societal decisions-making; economic activities and their impact on humankind and the
environment.
An inquiry into rights and responsibilities in the struggle to share finite resources with
other people and with other living things; communities and the relationships within and between them; access to equal opportunities; peace and conflict resolution.
G1Central Idea:
Although humans are all different,
our body works in the same way

Key Concepts:
Causation, Form,
Function,

Related Concepts:
Consequence, Structure, systems

Lines of Inquiry:
– Senses
The parts of the human body
– How are body works on the inside?

Central Idea:
Journeys create change and can
lead to new opportunities

Key Concepts:
Form, Causation,
Change

Related Concepts:
Differences,
consequences,
transformation

Lines of Inquiry:
– Types of journeys
people make
– Choices and decisions involved in making a journey
– Changes that occur because of a journey

Central Idea:
Traditions around the
world give us diverse
insights into various
cultures

Key Concepts:
Form, Perspective

Related Concepts:
Similarities and
differences, traditions,
diversity, culture

Lines of Inquiry:
– Diversity
-Celebrations and
traditions
-Ways people express themselves

Central Idea:
All living things go
through a process of
change.

Key Concepts:
Causation, Connection,
Change,

Related Concepts:
Sequences,
relationships, cycles

Lines of Inquiry:
– Characteristics of living and non-living things
– Needs of animals and plants
– Life cycles of plants & animals

Central Idea:
People’s relationships with each other impact
communities.

Key Concepts:
Function,
Connection,
Responsibility

Related Concepts:
Roles, relationships,
citizenship

Lines of Inquiry:
– Communities I belong to
– Ways people communicate with
each other
– People’s influence
on community

Central Idea:
Sustainability and
conservation may help preserve the earth and its inhabitants.

Key Concepts:
Perspective,
Responsibility, reflection

Related Concepts:
Subjectivity, initiative, behavior

Lines of Inquiry:
– Conservation through reducing
– Sustainability through reusing and recycling materials
– Practical ways to
preserve our earth

G2Central Idea:
An individual’s choices can impact their well being.

Key Concepts:
Responsibility

Related Concepts:
– Consequences
– Values
– Behaviour

Lines of Inquiry:
– An active lifestyle
– Staying healthy
– Personal safety

Central Idea:
The way we live today has similarities and
differences from the
way people lived in the past.

Key Concepts:
Change, Connection, Reflection

Related Concepts:
– Patterns
– Values
– Interpretation

Lines of Inquiry:
– Changes from the
past to present
– Comparing the past and present
– Pros and cons of
both the past and
present

Central Idea:
Our need to share our
feelings and ideas
drives us to develop
effective ways to
communicate.

Key Change,
Connection,
Perspective

Related Concepts:
– Structure
– Relationships
– Subjectivity

Lines of Inquiry:

What a story is
– What stories convey
– Feelings and emotions
a story evokes.
– How stores are
created and shared

Central Idea:
Matter is all around us, has different properties,
and takes on different
forms.

Key Concepts:
Form, Causation, Change

Related Concepts:
– Behaviour
– Impact
– Cycles

Lines of Inquiry:
– The scientific method.
– Behavior and use of matter.
– Changing states of
matter.

Central Idea:
People create
organizations to
solve problems and
support social
causes.

Key Concepts:
Function,
Connection,
Responsibility

Related Concepts:
– Systems
– Networks
– Justice

Lines of Inquiry:
– Strategies and
purpose of
organization
– Why people join
organizations
– What makes an
organization
successful

Central Idea:
When habitats change over time, this may
cause plants and animals to become endangered or extinct.

Key Concepts:
Form, Change, Responsibility

Related Concepts:
– Structure
– Transformation
– Initiative

Lines of Inquiry:
– How habitats have
changed over time
– What causes plants and animals to become
endangered or extinct
– Responsibility humans have towards plants and
animals and their
habitat.

G3Central Idea:
Our lives may be
influenced by our
country’s geography, culture, and history.

Key Concepts:
Form, Connection, Perspective

Related Concepts:
Differences, systems, beliefs

Lines of Inquiry:
– Our country.
– Our country’s
connection to the world
– The culture we live in.

Central Idea:
Exploration leads to
discovery and develops
new understanding.

Key Concepts:
Causation, Change,
Connection.

Related Concepts:
Sequences, growth,
interdependence

Lines of Inquiry:
– Exploration of past
and present.
– Causes and effects of exploration.
– Methods of navigation.

Central Idea:
Artists create works to
express ideas, thoughts,
and feelings.

Key Concepts:
Form, Connection,
Function.

Related Concepts:
Role, techniques,
Creation

Lines of Inquiry:
– The different art
forms.
– How the arts are used
in theater.
-The aspects we need
to consider in theater
production.

Central Idea:
Machines have been
invented to make daily tasks easier and more efficient.

Key Concepts:
Function,
Causation, Connection.

Related Concepts:
Systems, sequences, networks

Lines of Inquiry:
– How simple machines work.
– How simple machines can help us.
– Compound machines.

Central Idea:
Citizenship comes
with rights and
responsibilities.

Key Concepts:
Form, function,
responsibility.

Related Concepts:
Structure, behaviour,
citizenship

Lines of Inquiry:
– Our rights and
responsibilities as
citizens.
– How decisions are
made in schools,
communities and
governments.
– Democracy.

Central Idea:
Change in climate
contributes to
alterations in weather
patterns.

Key Causation, Connection,
Responsibility

Related Concepts:
Patterns, consequences,
initiative

Lines of Inquiry:
– Climate and weather.
– Causes and effects of
climate change.
– Human responsibility in dealing with climate
change.

G4Central Idea:
Values, attitudes, and actions of individuals influence society.

Key Concepts:
causation, change,
perspective

Related Concepts:
impact, transformation,
beliefs

Lines of Inquiry:
– Human relationships
– Beliefs and values.
– Rights and
responsibilities.

Central Idea:
Migration may bring
about political,
economic, and social change

Key Concepts:
Causation, change,
responsibility

Related Concepts:
Impact, transformation,
rights

Lines of Inquiry:
– Migration
– Motivating factors of migration
– Changes brought
about by migration

Central Idea:
Literature may be used to communicate ideas
and influence others.

Key Concepts
Form, function,
reflection

Related Concepts:
Structure,
communication,
interpretation

Lines of Inquiry:
– Genres of literature.
– Communication
through literature.
– How forms of
communication
influence people.

Central Idea:
Earth’s features have shaped how humans interact with the planet.

Key Concepts:
Form, function,
perspective

Related Concepts:
Structure, pattern,
subjectivity

Lines of Inquiry:
– Rock formations
– Internal and external forces
– Earth’s structures and features

Central Idea:
Ancient civilizations
have influenced our
modern-day political, economic,
religious, and social
structures.

Key Concepts:
Function, causation,
connection

Related Concepts:
Systems, impact,
interdependence

Lines of Inquiry:
– Mayan civilization
– Egyptian civilization
– Influences of
ancient civilizations
seen today

Central Idea:
The way people manage earth’s finite resources
has implications for the future.

Key Concepts:
Form, Reflection

Related Concepts:
Structure, responsibility

Lines of Inquiry:
– Renewable resources
– Non-renewable
resources
– Implications for the
future

G5Central Idea:
Personal health and well being is dependent upon a complex balance of interconnected factors

Key Concepts:
Function, Connection, Reflection

Related Concepts:
Growth, Responsibility,
Impact

Lines of Inquiry:
– Our bodies
– Health and Well being (nutrition)
– Issues affecting our well being (conflict resolution, social norms)

Central Idea:
Discoveries made
about the universe
have shaped existing societies.

Key Concepts:
Connection, Reflection
Responsibility

Related Concepts:
Consequences, impact,
transformation

Lines of Inquiry:
– Early astronomers
and their influences
– Discoveries within
the universe
– Their impact on
humankind

Central Idea:
Mass media influences perceptions and
choices that people make.

Key Concepts:
Form, Function,
Perspective

Related Concepts:
Properties, Subjectivity,
Consequences

Lines of Inquiry:
– Types of media
– Different persuasive
techniques
– How people are
influenced by media.

Central Idea:
Human inventions are a result of a thorough understanding of forces and motion.

Key Concepts:
Form, Perspective,
Causation

Related Concepts:
Pattern, Initiative

Lines of Inquiry:
– Forces and motion
– Prominent scientists who have contributed to our understanding of these laws
– Inventions

Central Idea:
Economies rely on
production, exchange and
consumption of goods and services.

Key Concepts:
Causation, Connection, Function

Related Concepts:
Interdependence,
Consequences,
Systems

Lines of Inquiry:
– Exchange of goods and services
– Supply and demand
– How economies
function (Outsourcing, footprint)

Exhibition Unit

Central Idea:
The accessibility of
opportunities affects
equality.

Key Concepts:
All
concepts

Related Concepts:
Human rights, equality,
opportunities

Lines of Inquiry:
– Our right to live freely.
– How opportunities
enhance or hinder our future.
– Influences that affect opportunities.
– Action that can be taken to ensure human rights are being met.